CHARLIE If anyone's going to be successful, it's DARPA. Unlimited funds and a mandate to invent the future. AMITA They're responsible for GPS, Stealth Technology... (re: a computer mouse) This. How many people use this every day... a billion? DON How do we tell if it's alive? CHARLIE There's a test -- named after the father of computing science, Alan Turing -- that measures a machine's ability to demonstrate intelligence.

A Turing machine is a minimal
idealization of a computer. It consists of a line of cells known as the tape with an active element called the head that
moves back and forth on the tape and changes the color of cells according to a set of rules. For various initial
conditions (*x*-axis), the plot shows the
number of times the head changes direction in the first 50 steps of the evolution of the Turing machine. For this
Demonstration, 4096 Turing machines in each of four classes have been randomly chosen.

AMITA How do we know if a rose is real? AMITA VISION A photograph of an ROSE - AMITA (cont'd) If it looks like a rose, but you touch it and it's in two dimensions, it's only a photo.

The graph shows a walk along a Maurer rose in
steps of *d* degrees (including rotations) with either *n* or 2*n*
petals, according to whether *n* is odd or even. Varying *z* scales the degrees.

JANE KARELLEN DARPA was created the day after Sputnik to make sure it never happened again. The farther ahead we get, the safer your family is. (then) Have you ever wondered what you could do with unlimited resources?

October 2007 marks the 50th anniversary of the launch of the Russian satellite Sputnik 1, the first human-made object to
orbit the Earth. The satellite was carried into orbit on a Soviet R-7 rocket and had a height of 228 km at perigee
(closest point to Earth) and a height of 945 km at apogee (farthest point from Earth). Its velocity at perigee was 8
km/s and its time for completing one orbit was 96 minutes. Sputnik 1 stayed in orbit for three months before falling to
Earth in January 1958.

AMITA Remember when the World Champion chess master Gary Kasparov lost to a computer named Deep Blue? CHARLIE The computer won by doing something no human could - analyze over 200 million chess positions per second to come up with the best response.

A basic chess game with optional board editing and history reviewing.